In it he asserts that American artists and buyers of art were no longer looking to Parisian culture for subject matter and style.
Instead they chose to adopt academic realism in depicting urban and rural scenes. It arose in the 1930s as a response to the Great Depression, and ended in the 1940s due to the end of World War II and a lack of development within the movement.
A second Regionalist artist is John Steuart Curry, who was born in 1897 in Kansas, which later proved to be a very influential element in his work.
While he was a native of Kansas and lived in the state for the majority of his life, Curry was less accepted than the other Regionalists in their home states. Frank Mechau 1904—1946, American Warriors. As a result, artists in the Midwest at this time produced artworks that began to focus on common scenes for people living in rural America. Some artists listed above fall into both categories. Click here to browse the Lilith Gallery.
The term does not signify an organized movement, but rather an aspect of a broad tendency for American artists to move away from abstraction and the avant-garde in the period between the two world wars.
America during the 1920s and 1930s was a country in conflict by a failing economy, powerful political figureheads, and waning support for the suffering laboring classes, while simultaneously being immersed in consumerism and modernism. American Gothic, 1930 - Grant Wood.
Although he never gained the popularity within his state that Benton did, Curry managed to have a relatively successful career until his early death. Some of these northern artists emerged from the Ashcan school, while others, like Ben Shahn American, 1898-1969 , evolved separately.
The Regionalist's argument received unintentional support from the so-called Urban Realists Social Realists , who focused their attention on the city. Unlike Benton and Curry, Wood had a long career before he became well known. Curry began his artistic education young, at the age of twelve, and eventually ended up at the Art Institute of Chicago.
Germany The Trojan Women. American , born 1877.
Regionalism America during the 1920s and 1930s was a country in conflict by a failing economy, powerful political figureheads, and waning support for the suffering laboring classes, while simultaneously being immersed in consumerism and modernism.
Alfred Heber Hutty. Thus, production of Regionalist art moved away from appealing solely to the upper classes, and instead focused upon all levels of American society. American , 1890 - 1985. He wrote that the lure of the city was gone, and hopes that art of the widely diffused "whole people" would prevail.
Social Realism is not to be confused with the Russian Socialist Realism movement.Dan Schneider On.... Regionalism in art
American , 1917 - 2009.