The hottest spots in the world are in arid climates. For further details look at our Climate through time poster or online map.
Ice sheet s and glacier s reflect sunlight, and the thermal conductivity of ice and permafrost profoundly influences temperature. The predominant winds here are the westerlies, winds that blow from the west over the ocean onto the continent.
Try searching: Encyclopedic Entry: Landscape can also help define regional climate. In fact, Antarctica, covered by an ice cap a mile thick, is one of the largest, driest desert s on Earth.
For instance, the ancient Anasazi people of southern North America built apartments into tall cliff s. The abundance of plants and the type of land cover such as soil , sand , or asphalt impacts evaporation and ambient temperature. For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service.
The current period of climate change has been documented by rising temperatures, melting glaciers, and more intense weather phenomena. These equatorial regions have the most predictable weather on Earth, with warm temperatures and regular rainfall.
Also called a subarctic or tundra climate.
The type and amount of vegetation also affects climate. However, human activities that include burning fossil fuel s and cutting down forests release greenhouse gases into the atmosphere at an unprecedented rate.
Heat in the atmosphere may increase the interaction of diverse weather systems. The ITCZ migrates slightly with the season.
A climate system has five major components: Indigenous Arctic cultures of Europe, Asia, and North America, for example, developed warm, durable , fur and animal-skin clothing. A monsoon is a wind system that reverses its direction every six months. Temperatures rarely rise above freezing, even in summer. Large bodies of water, such as the Great Lakes in the United States and Canada, can also have microclimates.