Mayfield, 1999 , 65—66.
For example, room size, location, furnishings, decorations, lightings, etc. Physical communication covers the personal kind of communication, and includes a smile or frown, wink, touch, smell, salute, gesture, and other bodily movements.
Other adaptors involve adjusting or grooming others, similar to how primates like chimpanzees pick things off each other. We also communicate through eye behaviors, primarily eye contact.
Multiculturalsim, cultural diversity, and global communication pp. Facial expressions are indicated through the mouth open, wide or closed , eyelids raised or lowered , nose wrinkled or relaxed , cheeks drawn up or back and the forehead lowered or raised. In regular social situations, adaptors result from uneasiness, anxiety, or a general sense that we are not in control of our surroundings.
Territoriality Territoriality An innate drive to take up and defend spaces. The study of body movements, called kinesics , is key to understanding nonverbal communication. Ekman and Friesen found that facial features communicate to others our feelings, but our body movements often reveal how intensely we experience those feelings.
You also need to be able to recognize the emotions of others and the true feelings behind the cues they are sending. A speaker can use his or her eye contact to determine if an audience is engaged, confused, or bored and then adapt his or her message accordingly.
Within the facial area, eyes are especially effective for indicating attention and interest.
There are four general human postures: Think about people who have very distinct voices. Carbaugh Ed. The most common forms of non-verbal communication are as follows.
Intimate space is also the context for physical fighting and violence. However, the triggers for these expressions and the cultural and social norms that influence their displays are still culturally diverse. For example, the facial expression of the speaker indicates his attitude, determination depth of knowledge etc.
Pitch helps convey meaning, regulate conversational flow, and communicate the intensity of a message. The right choice insures that personal space is not compromised.
The sad thing is that they are unaware of the nonverbal messages they communicate. Body movement and posture.