Such a scheme of a two-tier comparative analysis would allow a cursory look into whether the behavior of the districts around the city is similar to the behaviour of the region, that is, i. These mega-cities are those wherein the impact of globalisation has been relatively more prominent. Based on these three periods, three different measures of activity status are arrived at—usual status, current weekly status and current daily status. Physical health of the aged respondents, determining their ability to particpate in the labour market.
Hazi Md. A further limitation of this paper pertains to the dearth of detailed information on employment at the sub-state level as the National Sample Survey Organisation NSSO unit level data cannot be satisfactorily interpolated to the Figure 1 The Study Area Source: Hasan Ali Bhuiyan another Mr.
Rafiq Uddin vs MT. Using bivariate and econometric analysis, we have tried to examine whether growth was inclusive and resulted in a decline of economic vulnerability of aged workers over the decade studied. The incidence of inancial insecurity has been found to be greater among the rural elderly, female elderly particularly widows , the aged residing in nuclear families or alone, and the aged aflicted with health problems Rajan, et al.
It is also associated with the easy availability of land and access to an unorganised rural labour market Kundu, 2003; Keivani and Mattingly, 2007 besides lesser awareness and less care being accorded to implementation of environmental regulations in the rural settlements in the urban periphery Kundu, 2003.
In this situation, the labour market remains the only possible means of ensuring security for the elderly.
The districts around the metropolitan cities represent the rural periphery of the city and the respective domain state represents the regional rural interiors. Samir and others vs Government of Bangladesh and others Mr. The trend has been similar for both male as well female agricultural workers, with the rate of decline between 1991 and 2001 being steeper for the females in the DAMs.
It has been observed that economic indicators including access to non-market sources of consumption or the value of transfers from PDS, which have showed a positive impact on the calorie intake of the overall population, either show a negative impact or become insigniicant over time for rural labourers.
The growth rates of the main workers have been lower in the DAMs as compared to that in the respective states in the case of Mumbai, Kolkata, Hyderabad and Delhi-Haryana side Table 3. The nature of PDS post-targeting is also believed to have proved detrimental to nutritional well-being as nutritious foodgrains were dropped, and only rice and wheat were distributed through the PDS, which made it less demanding for the poor labour households and lowered the levels of calorie intake of the beneiciaries Kochar, 2005.
We present results for both the two-digit and three-digit classiication systems. This has been observed in the peripheries of all the mega-cities except that of Chennai.