Blood by-products are filtered out by the kidneys and leave the body in the form of urine. While the precise role of cholesterol in heart disease is continually being refined, it's clear that you need some amount of it, because your own body makes it — it doesn't just come from foods you eat.
Often, RUQ pain is a sign of liver disease or inflammation of the gall bladder , found on the underside of the liver. The liver's anatomy includes a number of distinct features, such as portal triads also called hepatic triads and specialized liver cells called hepatocytes.
Previous Previous post: Glucose is the small molecule that ultimately serves as fuel for cells. The liver is a vital organ found in humans and other vertebrates.
While no food products pass through the liver itself, substances produced in the liver are absolutely vital for the digestion of food. The liver converts the raw products of digestion into smaller molecules that can be used directly in cellular metabolic processes.
When nutrients are ingested in excess of the body's needs, the liver converts the glucose and amino acids from carbohydrates and proteins, as well as ingested fats themselves, into triglycerides that are packaged and distributed to other parts of the body for storage as adipose tissue.
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The liver turns ammonia into urea, which can be safely eliminated by the kidneys, before releasing it into the blood. When the proteins they had at maturity wear out, they break down and are replaced by new blood cells.
Under normal circumstances, the body tries not to digest proteins for energy. About the Author.
Carrier proteins — The liver also produces carrier proteins, which bond to other hormones including sex hormones, thyroid hormone, stress hormones, and vitamins and minerals to specified destinations. Taking a proper dose of acetaminophen is safe and effective — but taking two or three times the proper dose can cause very big problems.
Within the liver, it may be deactivated, or it may be converted from an otherwise inactive substance into the active form of a medication. While found on the right-hand side of the body, its leftmost portion sits above the top of stomach, which is found mostly on the left-hand side of the body below the heart. Weighing about 3 pounds and reddish-brown in color, the liver serves a variety of critical metabolic functions, acting as a factory, warehouse and gatekeeper, among other responsibilities.
It contains cells with special enzymes that can break down toxic substances into non-toxic forms. These are removed in the liver from amino acids, freeing the acids for use in carbohydrate and far metabolic pathways. This comment form is under antispam protection.
The liver converts glucose to a storage form of the molecule called glycogen , which is really just a long chain of glucose molecules. While the liver is primarily located in the right and central upper parts of the abdomen, the path of nerves in the abdomen can sometimes cause liver pain to manifest on the left side, or even in the lower abdomen. The hepatic artery is like any other artery in that it carries oxygenated blood to the liver and nourishes its cells with oxygen and nutrients.
The liver is also extremely active in fat metabolism.