Occasionally, there are specific references to individual Indians.
The 1890 census act states:. Top Skip to main content.
Section 2 excludes "Indians not taxed"—those Indians living on reservations or those roaming in unsettled areas of the country. In 1880, the Office of Indian Affairs completed a count of not taxed reservation or agency Indians. Bureau of the Census, 200 Years of U.
There are rare instances in which Indians living on reservations were enumerated. In 1860, an attempt to provide an actual count was made, but in 1870, an estimate for portions of the not taxed Indian population was made. When using these censuses, researchers should keep in mind the possible variations of the name of the Native American being searched.
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Researchers will find significant variations in the recording of names for Native Americans in the census. Frequently, enumerators recorded an English given name without any surname or used "Indian" as a surname or given name.
The numbers for Washington Territory reservations in existence were taken from Veronica E. Often, only a single name is recorded. Occasionally, Indian reservations are identified in the census, but only rarely are any Indians enumerated.
Article I, section 2, of the Constitution requires a census to be taken every 10 years so that seats in the House of Representatives can be apportioned among the states. Population and Housing Questions, 1790—1990 1989; 1997 , p.
Congress, The Miscellaneous Documents of the House of Representatives for the 1st Session of the 52nd Congress, 1891—92, serial set volume 3016, pp. As has been stated, Indians living on reservations were not taxed and, therefore, not counted.
Eighth Census, United States—1860.
Census Taxed Indians enumerated Not taxed Indians Total Indians Percent enumerated 1860 44,021 295,400 339,421 13 1870 25,731 287,981 313,712 8 1880 66,407 240,136 306,543 22.