Inequalities and social divisions based on economic and family status were not unknown in other parts of the world. High-ranking Warrior castes Kshatriyas , however, typically consume nonvegetarian diets, considered appropriate for their traditions of valor and physical strength. Aryans were relatively light skinned while Dravidians were darker. The practice of untouchability was officially declared as a serious crime, punishable with severe penalties.
The second class consisted of officials such as ministers and treasurers Amatyas, Mahamatras and Bhandagarikas and non-officials such as merchants, traders and heads of guilds Naigama, Sarthvaha and Sreshtin. Bonds of Brotherhood: Each group had a function in sustaining the life of society--the social body. Rishi Vashista was born to a prostitute ,while sage Vyasa, the original author of the Mahabharata, was born to a fisherwoman.
They patronized Saivism but kept away from Vedism. The god Prajapati Lord of beings is identified with Brahma who is the creator in the Hindu trinity and was later sacrificed by his children. The varnas were classes based on racial features, while the castes were further divisions within each class based on occupation or lineage.
The Caste system is the social hierarchy in India.
Megasthanese identified two distinct divisions with in the philosophers group, the priests and the ascetics. Lynch and other scholars, in the expanding political arena caste groups are becoming more politicized and forced to compete with other interest groups for social and economic benefits. They are composed of village elders. As the caste system later developed, merit became irrelevant status became hereditary.
Although Brahmin women are second to men, they do hold a higher level of education than other women in Indian society. The religion text the Rig Veda thought to date back as far as 1500 B.
Members of this Varna tend to be strict vegetarians. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. Hinduism and Caste System. The following points are worth noticing: The Nordic races followed some form of caste system.
This is consistent with the historical record of the Aryan invasions and links between the Aryans and members of higher castes. People of higher castes were advised not to touch them or let their shadows fall on them because the shadows were also treated as sources of defilement.