This painting is from Cuzco, Peru, and incorporates Spanish influences along with strong native Incan iconography.
Mayer Center symposia are held annually, alternating between pre-Columbian and Spanish Colonial topics. For these piracies there were long-standing precedents in Portuguese operations down the western coast of Africa.
Highlights Initiated in 1936 with a gift from Anne Evans of santos from southern Colorado and New Mexico, the Spanish Colonial collection has grown dramatically over the years to include more than 3,000 objects.Francisco Pizarro and Spanish Conquest of Inca Empire
Oil paint on canvas. Madonna and Child with Bird was selected as the 2006 U. Oil paint on copper panel.
Yet the purpose of establishing the Spanish Inquisition in 1482 was to police the religious reliability of Jewish and Muslim conversos. The painted wooden panels within the frame, called retablos, depict images of Catholic saints, the Christ Child as seen in the center of the top row in the arms of Saint Joseph , and the Virgin Mary as seen in the right side of the bottom row.
When Spanish settlers arrived in the southwestern United States at the end of the 1500s, they brought with them paintings and sculptures of Catholic saints for their churches and homes.
No image is as distinctively Mexican as the Virgin of Guadalupe, with her characteristic spiky aura and blue robe with gold stars. Acquired between 1895 and 1914 by Daniel C.
The religious figures portrayed here would have been familiar to the church-going population in New Mexico in the 1820s. Spanish devotional artists santeros learned from local Pueblo Indians how to make paints from native plants and minerals.
Fabric areas were treated with a technique known in Spanish as estofado , in which tissue-thin sheets of hammered gold were applied to a red gesso ground.
They created distinctive styles that often incorporated a mixture of motifs taken from earlier Islamic, Spanish, and ancient native models as well as from imported Chinese porcelains.
Next came a determined effort at linguistic Hispanisation. The inscription claims that she was the first Christian Inca woman in the Andes and that when a man tried to violate her vow of chastity, she fought and beheaded him.
Francisco Clapera born in Spain, active in Mexico, 1746-1810. Exhibitions at the DAM.
Perhaps alarmed by this kind of indigenismo Felipe II in 1577 prohibited all further enquiry into native history and religion. In the 1700s, Quito, the capital of Ecuador, was internationally known for its exquisitely-carved, small wooden sculptures that were exported to other areas of colonial Latin America and to Europe.