None of these were correct. Choices and Consequences The Weimar Republic: It was balanced, sound and affordable.
With Hitler determined to attack Poland, Europe was on the brink of war in late summer 1939.
History has no real predictive power; and perhaps because of that reason, we will never definitively know whether the old saying was right — whether, in other words, arms races cause wars. Poland elected a very right-wing government in that year; the USSR ran war games assuming that there would be some form of attacking German-Polish alliance on the horizon. Add or Edit Playlist.
Mussolini was not militaristic in the way Hitler was, though; there was no initial sense of national and racial superiority. To denude them of agency by suggesting that attempts to rearm — many of which were sensible — would be folly. British politicians, while they were trying to persuade Germany to stay in the Conference, had agreed in principle that the arms clauses of the Treaty of Versailles were too harsh.
Hitler also raised territorial demands on Poland in the spring of 1939. Diplomatically, Stalin definitely responded to the perceived threat from Hitler.
How does each source help us to better understand a different aspect of the historical moment? This was soon followed by a trade treaty.
With this politically fractured set up, consensus was very hard to construct. Thus, when Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany in January 1933, the financial provisions of the Treaty of Versailles the post-World War I peace agreement had already been revised.
It required a quarter of a million men. When Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany in January 1933, he was determined to overturn the military and territorial provisions of the Treaty of Versailles.
The Italian navy was better, but it was still unable to compete with the biggest military powers.
Learn how the Nazis pushed their ideology onto German universities, and how academics like Heidegger and Einstein responded. It was to be a fundamental commitment to the war which was ever-likely to erupt in the very near future.
Slovakia became an independent state, closely allied with Germany. Mussolini was not too keen on war with his neighbours; a lot of his act was flamboyant and concerned with little more than show — and a war would not work in that situation.
This was a great success for Hitler: The RAF wanted 1,736 aircraft with full reserves by 1939. The responsibility for the Second World War lies on its instigators: On March 7, 1936, however, Hitler repudiated this agreement and ordered the German armed forces Wehrmacht into the demilitarized Rhineland.
The government therefore instituted the Defence Requirements Sub-Committee. Hitler's action brought condemnation from Britain and France, but neither nation intervened. Neither Jews nor Roma Gypsies were permitted to vote in the plebiscite.