Though it's too early to determine what the outcome of this outbreak could be and how wide it could spread, there is one aspect that many experts agree on: The hope is that this would contain the spread of the virus.
Then, on 17 September, the World Bank quantified what is likely to happen. Emergencies preparedness, response Pandemic and Epidemic Diseases Ebola virus disease outbreak - Home Six months after the Ebola outbreak was declared: As scientists have noted, the virus in West Africa takes a different clinical course with different epidemiological consequences, although these differences do not affect the infectious period, case fatality rate, or modes of transmission.
And some people survive just by fighting it off?
Is that your sense as well? High-risk behaviours in the three countries have been similar to what has been seen during previous Ebola outbreaks in equatorial Africa, with adherence to ancestral funeral and burial rites singled out as fuelling large explosions of new cases.
Forty-two days have now passed since the last person known to be infected was deemed free of the disease — the standard for declaring a country Ebola-free, and twice the maximum incubation period for the disease. Let it continue.
In the face of early and persistent denial that Ebola was real, health messages issued to the public repeatedly emphasized that the disease was extremely serious and deadly, and had no vaccine, treatment, or cure. The epidemiological pattern seen in Guinea is unusual.
Unfortunately, when the outbreak started, no gear specifically designed to protect against Ebola virus infection existed, and this problem raised some uncertainties throughout the year.
Several factors, including some that are unique to West Africa, helped the virus stay hidden and elude containment measures. United Nations workers in Mbandaka, Democratic Republic of the Congo, prepare to distribute medical supplies to help tackle an Ebola outbreak in May.
Together, these and other factors, including the behaviour of the virus, created a volatile situation that evaded conventional control measures and constantly delivered surprises.
Healthcare workers need to avoid contact with the bodily fluids of their infected patients by taking strict precautions, such as wearing protective equipment. In West Africa, entire villages have been abandoned after community-wide spread killed or infected many residents and fear caused others to flee.
Patients have been treated across Western Europe. Bruce Ribner, a professor at the Emory School of Medicine who led the university's team in treating Ebola patients in 2014. In this region, where availability of mainstream healthcare was already severely limited, the care of unwell individuals is vastly different to that available in the West.
Remembering the deadliest Ebola outbreak 03: Bhadelia is an assistant professor in the section of infectious diseases, and the medical director of the Special Pathogens Unit at Boston Medical Center, which is designed to care for patients with highly communicable diseases. ZMapp was the one that came closest, showing—potentially—a 10 percent decrease in mortality in people who got it versus not. We may have been fortunate to have avoided an outbreak of this scale before now.