Harvard University Press, 1993. Gender and Age. The most common finding across countries, groups, and historical periods shows that crime tends to be a young persons' activity.
February 26, 2019. Crime types.
The view that involvement in crime diminishes with age is one of the oldest and most widely accepted in criminology. One explanation of the recent downtrend has attributed the decline to dramatic increases in incarceration rates that presumably incapacitate or prevent crimes by locking up high-frequency offenders who commit a disproportionate amount of all crimes.
Cincinnati , Ohio: Although crime tends to decline with age, substantial variation can be found in the parameters of the age-crime curve such as peak age, median age, and rate of decline from peak age. For example, some opportunities for fraud exist for young people such as falsification of identification to purchase alcohol or gain entry to "adult" establishments , but since they are too young to obtain credit, they lack the opportunities for common frauds such as passing bad checks, defrauding an innkeeper, or credit card forgery.
The development of conventional social bonds may be coupled with burnout or a belated deterrent effect as offenders grow tired of the hassles of repeated involvement with the criminal justice system, and the hardships of a life of crime. Belmont, Calif.: The so-called baby-boom generation born between the end of World War II and the early 1960s brought a large, steady increase in the proportion of the population aged twelve to twenty-five — the most crime-prone age group — during the 1960s and 1970s, a period when the nation's crime rate was also increasing steadily.
Criminologists have long recognized that age is a very robust predictor of crime, both in the aggregate and for individuals. Although youth has always been seen as a turbulent time, social processes associated with the coming of industrialization and the postindustrial age have aggravated the stresses of adolescence, resulting in increased levels of juvenile criminality in recent decades.
It also alters an individual's daily routine in ways that make crime seem less likely. Finally, a certain amount of misbehavior is often seen as natural to youth and seen as simply a stage of growing up Jolin and Gibbons; Hagan et al.
By contrast, "The typical job a teenager can get today provides neither the self-pride of economic independence not the socializing benefits of working alongside adult mentors.
It is not surprising, therefore, to find that such societies and time periods have significantly flatter and less skewed age-crime patterns for a review, see Steffensmeier et al.
Coontz, Stephanie. Hirschi, Travis, and Gottfredson, Michael.
Although age-crime parameters differ as described above, there appears to be considerable similarity in the age-crime relationship between males and females Steffensmeier and Streifel. Adler, Patricia, and Adler, Peter. Evidence also suggests that the age curves for lucrative crimes in the underworld like racketeering or loansharking not only peak much later but tend to decline more slowly with age Steffensmeier and Allan; Steffensmeier.
Cambridge, Mass.: Shapiro, Susan.