# Ground connection in electricity what does ac

Here's a photo of one:. As the electrons flow through the resistor in figure 13.

This minimizes any risk of shock that might occur if a wire comes loose within your project. In household AC circuits with three-wire cables , the ground is primarily a safety system. That way, you can always keep track of which wire is hot and which is neutral.

Part 1: Assuming that I'm using the standard mains, there are three pins.

Normally current flows in both lines and so both are live. As the electrons flow through the resistor they lose potential energy therefore when they start out at the positive terminal they need enough potential energy to get around the circuit. However, be sure to realise that in AC circuits no net transfer of electrons occurs when current flows, the electrons just oscillate backwards and forwards.

An simple AC circuit. The white wire is called the neutral wire.

## Part 13: DC And AC Supplies

Resistors And Resistances Part 3: The voltages in the one wire would have to be regulated relative to ground not the ground wire, since we've eliminated that, but relative to a stake in the dirt somewhere. Yes, an antenna doesn't have a return path.

Page Contents 13. Bloggs Jun 12 '15 at 17: It could be made to work, but it would be much more finicky and unpredictable than the system we have now.

When the positive line is earthed it is held at zero potential and the negative line is at a potential 12V below this. Most appliances that use a metal chassis require a separate ground connection. That's possible too, though the details for the circuit are a little different.

Also note that the potential of the negative line is always lower than that of the positive lines, so that the direction that the current flows in does not change, and that the potential difference remains at 12V for both cases. That way, if the switch is open or the fuse blows, the current in the hot wire will be prevented from proceeding beyond the switch or fuse into your circuit.