Have a question? Nevertheless, although the call of Diogenes is as radical as the call of Jesus, it is to a very different end.
Classical Cynicism: The founder of Cynicism as a philosophical movement is usually considered to be Antisthenes c. From the point of view of the physical needs they exist to satisfy, honeycake and wine have no superiority over lentil soup.
He ate, slept and did everything else he needed to do in the open, without shame or embarrassment. Finally, because Cynicism denotes a way of living, it is inaccurate to equate Cynicism with the other schools of its day.
The story sounds too good to be true, but it seems clear that at one point the Academy did arrive, if only temporarily, at this definition. Thank you for your feedback. Socrates, after all, may have had little taste for material comforts, and may have gone barefoot, but, like most people, he lived in a house not a barrel; he had a wife and children: The Cynics clearly privilege freedom, but not merely in a personal sense as a kind of negative liberty.
Cynic , member of a Greek philosophical sect that flourished from the 4th century bce to well into the Common Era, distinguished as much for its unconventional way of life as for its rejection of traditional social and political arrangements, professing instead a cosmopolitan utopia and communal anarchism.
He is the most famous successor of Diogenes and the principal master of Zeno of Citium, the founder of Stoicism.
Robert Appleton Company, 1908. Diogenes is said to have spat into the face of a rich man, explaining that he could find no better receptacle for his spittle. This element, combined with the broader Stoic idea of the usefulness of intellectual culture and the more enlightened Stoic concept of the scope of logical discussion, reappeared in the philosophy of Zeno and Cleanthes, and was the central ethical doctrine of the last great system of philosophy in Greece.
Presses Universitaires de France, 1993.
Finally, moral excellence is to be obtained by methodical training, or asceticism. But the Cynic s, unlike Socrates, treated all conventional distinctions and cultural traditions as impediments to the life of virtue.
And he used to say that the wise man would regulate his conduct as a citizen, not according to the established laws of the state, but according to the law of virtue. However, cosmopolitanism can be fully understood within its Cynic context if it is taken as more than an oxymoron or a pithy retort: Giannis Stamatellos.
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