These holiday decorations cost as much as college tuition. Media Audio edition Economist Films Podcasts. There is no blueprint for communism.
When old Raspy finally did give up the ghost, his beardly secrets passed to the nearest bearded man. Stalin then returned to the Soviet Union , his thirst for unprovoked vengeance slaked. Many of its features may even be acceptable to your conservative aunt, if only she read him, too. Republish our articles for free, online or in print, under Creative Commons licence.
Each week, over one million subscribers trust us to help them make sense of the world. See also: In Iran men can choose whether to shave or not, but Afro-sporting youths avoid beards because they would carry a hint of conformity with authority.
He needed new symbols and a new mustache. The history of Communism seen as a decline in face hair. Across the world, there are probably more arguments over women's hair or headgear than over the hair on men's heads. Sign In Don't have an account?
Greeks were proud of their beards, which symbolised authority and wisdom. Research I carried out on portraits with my colleague Victoria Barnes revealed some interesting results.
Another article, published in the Journal of Management and Organisational History , examined how Lloyds Bank began collecting portraits of past bank chairmen in the 1960s and put them on display in their head offices.
In a foolish effort to shake things up, he shaved his mustache and several items such as a box of cuban cigars fell out of it.
At the height of the violence in Iraq, many barbers were murdered, accused of giving haircuts that were too Western or un-Islamic; this happened after Muqtada al-Sadr, a fiery Shia cleric, issued edicts telling men how their hair should be trimmed. At a practical level, those fighting in World War I shaved off their beards to ensure their gas masks fitted properly.
The new opposition must sprout from the bare chin that is the new normal. Where do we go from here?
As revolutions across Europe were extinguished, in Britain the Victorians enthusiastically embraced beards and muttonchops — big long side burns that connect with a moustache. Lessons of WWI: Christian theologians still argue over what Saint Paul meant when he told the people of Corinth that for men to have long hair was shameful, while for women, flowing tresses were something glorious although they should keep them covered, perhaps to avoid tempting wayward angels. New to The Economist?