Alexandria was a Hellenistic city founded in Egypt by Alexander the Great's invading forces. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms.
Anchor 05 February 2019. These were the smells that engulfed us as we wound our way through the dense streets of Fes el Bali, the oldest walled portion of the city.
Alexandria was also the site of numerous persecutions and military actions, which, though few were reported to have done any great harm to the Mouseion or the Serapeum, could not help but have damaged them. View More.
Article Media. The library survived for six centuries, but slowly disappeared after a fire and numerous invasions and wars.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Read this Article. About a hundred years after the great Library of Alexandra was formed, another great library was established. I felt immersed in that world, familiar with it. Alexandria is a port city located on the Mediterranean Sea in northern...
Indeed, within a couple hundred years of its founding, we hear that Julius Caesar burned the library down in an attack on the city and Egypt's ruler Cleopatra in 40 CE.
The texts had reached Rome as war booty carried off by Sulla when he sacked Athens in 86 bc. The royal Mouseion library and its Serapis branch were so famous for their bounty that it seemed impossible that they could last very long.
Their texts were written on perishable materials such as papyrus and parchment, and much copying took place. The library had many of the same characteristics of a modern library, for example texts were organized by subject matter, government documents were also held in the library, and there were citations explaining what sets of tablets and rooms contained.
Quest Books 01 May 1993.
The last famous figure associated with the Museum had been Theon, father of the celebrated Hypatia who studied geometry and musicology and whom the Christians, convinced in their ignorance that she was a heretic, barbarously murdered in 415.
Vendors stood behind pyramids of olives, some a forest green, others deep purple.10 Largest Libraries Of The World
It was planned by Ptolemy I Soter in the 3rd century bc and brought into being by his son Ptolemy II Philadelphus with the collaboration of Demetrius of Phaleron , their adviser. These incredible facts were written down 300 years after the supposed event by Christian polymath Gregory Bar Hebraeus 1226-1286 CE.