Salivary amylase cleaves the polysaccharides of starch into the disaccharide maltose, which is made of two molecules of glucose sugar. Specifically, higher salivary amylase activity is related to lower blood glucose. Bile emulsifies lipids in the small intestine.
Saliva Saliva is a specialized fluid secreted from salivary glands near your mouth and tongue. The monosaccharides glucose thus produced are absorbed and then can be used in metabolic pathways to harness energy.
More Articles You'll Love.
Have you ever let a cracker sit in your mouth without chewing it and noticed a sweet flavor building on your tongue? Breaking Down.
Ingestion is the process of taking in food through the mouth. Good Dog? Fatty acids and glycerol. Depending on which text editor you're pasting into, you might have to add the italics to the site name. In the duodenum, other enzymes— trypsin, elastase , and chymotrypsin —act on the peptides reducing them to smaller peptides. How each of these components is digested is discussed in the following sections.
Complex carbohydrates include starch and fiber, which are polysaccharides made up of long chains of glucose units bonded together. It attracts water, which softens the stool for passage without straining. This enzyme acts on the remaining polysaccharides and breaks them into disaccharide units of maltose.
Abigail L. Figure 15. Digestion and enzymes Our teeth break food down into small pieces when we chew. Types of Digestive Enzymes. Enzymes in the outer membrane of the intestinal cell perform the final dismantling of the carbohydrates.
Below are relevant articles that may interest you. Chylomicrons leave the absorptive cells via exocytosis. ScienceDaily shares links with scholarly publications in the TrendMD network and earns revenue from third-party advertisers, where indicated.