In doing so, boundaries were taken from the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans.
Get updates in your inbox! Further to this, it is the coldest and least salty ocean. Some of the pressing environmental issues in the Arctic Ocean include endangered marine species such as the whales and walruses; and a fragile ecosystem that slowly adjusts from damage or disturbance.
Indian Ocean is encircled by eastern coast of Africa which constitutes the shores of the Middle East and India in the north. Oceanography is an emerging science.
The great explorers of the 16th-19th Centuries were determined to find passage from the North Atlantic through to the rich shores of Asia in search of spices, silks and opium. In part because of the numerous tropical islands of East Asia, the Pacific boasts the longest total shoreline, some 84,300 miles 135,663 km.
It has a wide variety of marine species including whales, jellyfish, etc.
It has an average depth of 13,215 feet 4,028 meters but its deepest point is the Challenger Deep within the Mariana Trench near Japan. Along with oceans, the Earth has seas.
It is covered by sea ice, at least partially, year round. The boundaries of this ocean were proposed to the International Hydrographic Organization in 2000.
Most Viewed. Atlantic Ocean is the second largest and saltiest ocean in the world.
The ocean bottom is composed of mid-Atlantic Ridge. The Atlantic Ocean was highly known as a voyage sea up to the 15 th Century thus having a historical marking for colonization and spice trade.
Its surface area is about 13,986,000 square kilometers and it mostly lies in the Arctic Circle. However, as the Earth's climate changes , the polar regions are warming and much of the icepack melts during the summer months. Learn more about the Southern Ocean.